The Charles Cooper Henderson Story
Learn more about the history of this heroic vessel and the people who served aboard her.
The Dunkirk Story
Dungeness Lifeboat RNLB Charles Cooper Henderson was one of nineteen RNLI lifeboats that served in World War Two in the evacuation of approximately 338,000 Allied Soldiers from the beleaguered beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, France, between 27th May and 4th June 1940.
We are fortunate that Charles Cooper Henderson’s Dunkirk Coxswain, Bob Hector, not only survived having rescued an estimated 2,000 men from the beaches, but told the story to his daughter who typed it up. Although the story was lost for several decades, it was subsequently discovered and transcribed so that you can now read the astounding story below.
The RNLI Years
Following her return to Dungeness from Dunkirk, she continued an amazing and distinguished career spanning a total of forty three years, including the rescue of nine men from the collier Teeswood on 29th July 1956, for which her coxswain George Tart was awarded the RNLI Bronze Medal for Gallantry. The Charles Cooper Henderson (Subsequently re-named Caresana) was finally acquired by the Dunkirk Little Ship Restoration Trust in 2011.
The Restoration Project & Fundraising Endeavor
We purchased the boat in June 2017 and changed her name back to her original lifeboat name, Charles Cooper Henderson. Although boats are usually considered female and given female names, lifeboats were often named after the largest benefactor, hence the very male name Charles Cooper Henderson!
We soon started work on the restoration and put our life savings into the endeavor. Unfortunately, we now find that more work is required and we are appealing for funds to save this wonderful boat and allow her to continue her voyage into the future. We are delighted to have not only the support of the RNLI and Association of Dunkirk Little Ships but, due to the historic importance of Charles Cooper Henderson, also the support of HRH Prince Michael of Kent GCVO.
You too can support our fund – please visit our Patron’s Fund page to learn more.
Story of Dunkirk
by Bob Hector, Charles Cooper Henderson Skipper at Dunkirk – transcript
This may be a little different as most of the stories must be from soldiers or R.A.F. Men, I mention this because in 150 the Mayor of Margate “Mr Hosking” invited 500 men who returned from Dunkirk to Margate in 1940, to have a weeks holiday with free hotel accommodation and a trip to Dunkirk in the Royal Daffodil, to commemorate the tenth anniversary, also a banquet held in honour of Lord Ironside who was in charge of the operation The invite was printed in the Portsmouth Evening News and I applied to bring my wife, which was granted and we enjoyed a lovely holiday, but there was only one other Navy man present which really amazed me, however we did form the “Dunkirk Veterans” club during that week and held our meetings in London which is now a large concern in many towns. My story really begins when I was on fourteen days survivors leave, of which I only had eight days when I was recalled by telegram by the Commander of the Royal Naval barracks Portsmouth.
I was Quartermaster on board H.M.S. Bittern when she was sunk by German dive bombers, at Namsos in Norway on April 30th 1940. We lost half our ships company and was rescued by H.M.S. Janus, a tribal class destroyer 42 Knots and we were distributed round the fleet. I went to H.M.S. Carlisle an anti aircraft cruiser and with the French we carried out the evacuation of Norway, from Namsos on the 3rd of May, when the French destroyer leader “Bison” and H.M.S. Afridi were sunk by German bombers.
However it was late in May, when I was recalled off leave R.N. Barracks Portsmouth and at 4p.m. four coaches of men left for an unknown destination, but we were very soon told by the chief in charge that we were going to Dover. The weather was fine as we sailed down through the Kent Hopfields and we all sang the typical naval songs on the way. We arrived at Dover Castle by midnight and were bedded on the deck for the night, with orders that we were required at a moments’ notice, as the only gear we had was our hammocks. Two hours later we were called out and formed up into boats crew of three and I was given an ordinary seaman and a young stoker, with orders to draw three days rations and man any boat tied up alongside the inner breakwater down the harbour. We drew six loaves of bread, two 4lbs tins of corned beef, 1lb dry tea, 2lbs of cheese, 4lbs of sugar and 2lbs of margarine.
We trooped down to the harbour and I chose a two engine boat which afterwards proved to be the Dungeness lifeboat, however a stoker petty officer set both engines going and said “I’m coming with you”, so I reported to the officer in charge in a hut on the breakwater that my boat was ready, gave him my list of names in the crew with orders to rendezvous outside the breakwater. This boat was brand new and the upper deck loaded with two gallon petrol cans, fully equipped with first aid gear, bottles of Ki-Ora, lemonade, orange juice and even two bottles of Rum, which proved very handy later during our voyage.
We eventually were towed, with five other boats, out to sea by a tug and through the megaphone the Skipper gave us a course to steer and we were slipped on our way to proceed to Dunkirk. By then it was about 4 a.m. and still pitch dark. The sea was just a little choppy with a fresh wind blowing across our beam, we all wore serge suits and oilskins and were complete strangers. I told the three men that as Coxswain I would do my best to bring them safely back to Dover, having had twenty two years service as an able seaman, I knew my seamanship had to be perfect, also I was due for pension in two weeks time, which however was delayed for five years owing to Hitler.
“We eventually were towed, with five other boats, out to sea by a tug and through the megaphone the Skipper gave us a course to steer and we were slipped on our way to proceed to Dunkirk. By then it was about 4 a.m. and still pitch dark…
The stoker P.O. was a chap about ten years younger than me and was from the Royal Yacht Victoria and Albert and he assured me that he would take good care of the engines and run one only and keep the other in reserve, although we had about fifty cans on the upper deck, we had to keep pouring them down the spout in the forepeak every hour or so. By day break we were well away and could hear the distant gunfire and ships were passing every so often and loaded with soldiers. It was about noon-time when we sighted land and decided to alter course to starboard and make our way in that direction, but when about a mile from shore some V and W destroyers came down the coast line at full speed and bombarded the place which I was making for, the shell was screeching over our heads when I turned ninety degree’s to port and although the assault was over in a jiffy I carried on in the direction from which they had come and within half an hour or so we sighted the breakwater and entered in to Dunkirk harbour, where all hell seemed let loose, as it seemed under constant air attack by the Nazi raiders, I should say the same Junkers 88 that I had experienced at the evacuation of Norway, a month or so previous.
Air attacks seemed to get more frequent, ten minutes bombing and five minutes spells. The Luftwaffe was also having a rough time from our Navy ships constant firing, was measuring lots of hits as they came out of the dive on realising the bomb, casualties were very heavy, small boats like mine were being put out of action and the Coxswains were doing their utmost to clear the way and keep an endless stream of boats from shore to ships.
“Air attacks seemed to get more frequent, ten minutes bombing and five minutes spells. The Luftwaffe was also having a rough time from our Navy ships constant firing, was measuring lots of hits as they came out of the dive on realising the bomb, casualties were very heavy…
Although I had the pleasure of eight days survivors leave in Portsmouth with my wife and two children and had only left them the previous day, I felt I was one of the lucky ones. So during a short lull I steered my boat to the half blown away pier, which was loaded with soldiers eager to get away. Other small boats were taking them off to ships, so we began our rescue work, loaded up with men and took them off to the very nearest ship available, which was already full and under way to go out of harbour. After that it became routine and endless. Air attacks seemed to get more frequent, ten minutes bombing and five minutes spells. The Luftwaffe was also having a rough time from our Navy ships constant firing, was measuring lots of hits as they came out of the dive on realising the bomb, casualties were very heavy, small boats like mine were being put out of action and the Coxswains were doing their utmost to clear the way and keep an endless stream of boats from shore to ships. It was much easier after dark when the aircraft temporally ceased to function, we were able to ferry the soldiers to the ships in quick time and they were able to creep out of the harbour in one piece. On our second night the planes dropped star shell over the harbour and made rugged attacks but during the next day I was no pier and was picking up men from waist deep in water.
We spent nearly three days and two nights at Dunkirk it seemed that we were under constant air attack all the time and while we were loading and unloading soldiers on any ship the raiders were coming over at us about every quarter hour while the ships anti aircraft guns were blasting away at them, like Hell let loose, so we took everything in our stride, because I and my crew knew full well that these men had to be rescued from the beaches. Actually these soldiers were as happy as sandbags, laughing and joking, most of them had even lost their rifles and caps and asked us if we knew there was a war on etc, in fact we gave them best part of our rations, Bread, butter and bully beef, they were so hungry but I had to watch our rations in case we were unable to return to England, in fact we had eaten very little during our trip. We certainly made good use of the minerals lemon, orange, Ki-Ora and the rum I found was very good for moral. It was towards the end our mission, when both engines refused to function when we were lucky enough to have no soldiers on board and my Bowman passed his painter to a passing boat and towed us out in to the harbour, which incidentally set our propellers in motion and the SPO reported that his port engine was okay, also that we only had about six cans of petrol left and recommended me to return to England.
I had been hit in the face (lower jaw) by a bomb splinter, at that time and the Bowman had put link and a temporary bandage from the first aid locker, around my chin and he then took over the wheel. I remember stoker Petty Officer saying We’ve put a couple of thousand men on their way to England and now it’s getting dark we must return and so we did. I must have fallen asleep, for when I woke it was near midnight and a heavy raid was in progress and bombs were exploding under water and nearly lifting us out of it, there seemed to me lots of ships, in fact, it seemed to me that it must have been the final evacuation. It was about three thirty a.m. when we eventually came up against something very dark, yes it must be England we said, as our course was opposite to our course given us by the skipper of the Dover tug, however it was a wooden jetty and we tied up to it and would have a sleep till daylight, as the weather had become fairly mild we thought.
“I had been hit in the face (lower jaw) by a bomb splinter, at that time and the Bowman had put link and a temporary bandage from the first aid locker, around my chin and he then took over the wheel…
Anyway ten minutes later someone above was shining a weak torchlight down on us and shouting “You’ll get smashed up down there”, I shouted back “where are we?” and the answer was “get out of it” I said, alright lads go to sleep till daylight and we will find out then, ten minutes more and he was back, with a bright torch and told us we were on the end of Margate Pier and would have to shift. So we cast off and I switched on our steaming lights and followed his torchlight to the length of the pier and secured alongside. We were ordered to come up the ladder and report to the Liaison Officer, but when they saw my bandage, they took us by ambulance to the Winter Garden, which was laid out as a casualty station. An army doctor put several stitches in my chin and I was only able to drink tea very slowly, however we laid down to sleep on mattresses which had been prepared and it must have been twenty eight hours when I was aroused by a nurse with a note informing the Coxswain of the Dungeness Lifeboat to report to the Naval Officer in charge of operations with my crew. However I decided to inspect our boat first which we did and found that it had been ransacked to say the least, all the Lemon and Barley water bottles were empty also the first aid locker. I reported this to the Naval Sub Lt. on duty and he said your duty is over and made out a railway warrant to travel back from Margate to Dover forget all about the boat as you are unfit to Coxswain her any more. The Margate crew will return it to Dover later.
We spent two days in the transit camp at Dover and then transferred to Chatham Barracks and received new clothes and any valuables we lost – I claimed a new oilskin and the clothes I stood up in. My hammock was alright, so I recovered it from the Castle of Dover, but we spent one night in the crowed barracks and slept the night on the floor of the billiard room in the canteen block. We returned to Portsmouth Barracks the next day arriving about tea-time from where we started out. I was sent to the sick bay owing to my stitched up jaw, where the bandage was substituted by a plaster and I was allowed shore leave until the next morning with doctor’s permission. However before going ashore I had to make out a report on the happenings since we had left RNB in the coaches to the present time and hand it to the Officer or the Day, which was a very long job really. I used about four pages of Pursers full-scap and I also recommended my crew and in particular the Bowman who was a lad of eighteen and his first experience at sea. He was from Collingwood, after having eight weeks of training, very obedient and very shocked by the action but exceedingly happy when we reached Margate by mistake, on the third day. The stoker petty officer was a first class engineer from the Royal Yacht Victoria and Albert and was worth his weight in gold, his assistant was a young second class stoker who also had never been to sea but was very obedient and on the whole we were a very good crew.
After delivering the report of our episode to the Officer of the Day, I went home on the Southdown bus to Neville Avenue, Portchester, where my wife and two children were living and as I entered the living room where my wife was ironing children’s clothes, she fainted backwards onto the sofa, which was quite another story to revive her.